vrijdag 10 mei 2013


Sophonibaal of Adonbaal VI at Carthage in the 4th/3rd century BC

S.pnb * l (Fen.), Sophonibas (g), Sophoni (s) or Suphunibal (lat).
Meaning: My protection or concealment is Baal. Dating c.300 v.C. Sophonibaal actually stands for Saphonbaal. The name consists of the deity BAAL, but also the mountain SAPHON in the Middle East, where the gods lived according to the Phoenicians.
Adonbaal is the husband of Sophonibaal, who is the daughter of Abdmelqart (RAB) (or Hamilcar). Adonibaal is also a RAB (ruler) and also a miqim elim (awaker of the gods). It means that Adonibaal was a high political and religious official.
... Sophonibaal lives in Carthage maybe in the period that Agathokles of Syracuse raided the hinterland of Carthage and several years of brutal war was carried out. This Agathokles was finally defeated in 307 BC, but he was able to escape to Sicily. His troops in Africa, however, were eliminated. The survivors were employed on the land to repair some of the war-damage. It could be that Sophonibaal lived in this turbulent time.
See CIS I, 5979. This woman Sophonibaal was buried in St.Monique at Carthage in the so-called necropolis of the RABS.
There is with complete certainty no picture available, but it could be one of the excavated sarcophages in that part of Carthage.