vrijdag 10 mei 2013

Elissa

Elissa 9th century

Sister of King Pygmalion PUMAYYATON either 827,780 or 821,774 BC. At first we look at her brother so that we can place Elissa better in time and place.
The name: PMY (y) tn (Fen.) Other names: Phygmalion, Pumaton, Pugmation, Pugmàion. Meaning: Pumay has given.
He is the son of Mattan I and the brother of Elissa.
... Source: Flavius Josephus: Against Appian, I, 18, 125 {Laurentianus LXIX, 122}:
"This [= Mattenos] had as successor Phygmalion, who lived 56 years and reigned for 47 years. In the seventh year of his reign his sister fled to Libya and founded the city of Carthage."
According to Justin Pumayyaton was 11 years at the beginning of his reign, and it was the will of Mattan I that he would reign together with Elissa, who probably was much older. The people, however, choose Pumayyaton and the nobility differs with Elissa off after 7 years. In his view Pumayyaton lives 58 years and reigns 47 years.
Phoenician women play in the three small states Tyre, Israel and Judah in this century a prominent role. The pedigree of Ittobaal with descendants makes this clear once again. The role that Jezebel in Israel and Athaliah in Judah are playing, makes any regentesses role of Elissa at Tyre more likely.
Elissa is perhaps a cousin of Athaliah of Judah and certainly a cousin of Jezebel of Israel. Three of them have a short time in each of the three small states the government in their hands, when the male heirs were too young to do that. Their influence on other than administrative areas and especially in religious matters has been significant. All three, they will also die a violent death.
So she was in any case a daughter of Mattan, king of Tyre. Probably she and her brother Pumayyaton ruled over the city. She marries Sic(h)arbas, a priest of Melqart. It is unknown whether they are also descendants received.
Everything else gets legendary traits:
Pygmalion murdered her husband, and she and her riches and relics of Melqart flight to Cyprus. There she visits an oracle and takes young women on board. Stabbing her ships under the leadership of Bitias over to Africa. Timaeus calls her already Dido. In Africa, she acquires from the local tribe a piece of land with the size of a cowhide. There they founded Carthage. At the place where the head of a horse is found, devotes a bunch of Juno (Aeneas in Virgil I. 441-447), but Silius Italicus (I 81-92.97-98) reports that this shrine to Elisa - Dido own dedicated by the Carthaginians. Hiarbas, the king of the Libyans wants to marry her. She refuses and throws herself in a fire that was lit to commemorate her husband. Then there's also the trick, taking the cowhide cut into very thin strips and thus the Byrsa hill could be included.