By the end of the 2nd century BC the
Sallust describes a century later extended the war, which Jugurtha engaged. Jugurtha attacks in 113 B.C. Cirta (capital of East-Numidia) and after 15 months the city is taken where Adherbal (Adirbaäl) was put to death, but also many Roman and Italic traders are murdered. It takes up to 105 B.C. before Jugurtha after a half-hearted action by Roman generals, several embarrassing defeats of the Romans, bribery, guerrilla eventually was extradited by Bocchus to the Romans. As the price for his betrayal of Jugurtha Bocchus was given
“Rightly feared the Romans Jugurtha as their worst enemy after
Now Jugurtha was very likely a Numidian, but the ruler of eastern
The war against Jugurtha, Sallustius.