maandag 10 november 2014

Phoenicians in Elefantina


ELEFANTINA

 

Elefantina at the first cataract lies on island in the Nile close to Aswan at the beginning of the Nasser-lake in Egypt. The old Egyptian name of Aswan was SWENET. There are temples on Elefantina for Chnoem, Sakis and Anoekis.

We find here a conglomerate of many Phoenicians inscriptions with personal names, which seems to be for a greater part in connection with each-other. It looks like this is a complete Egyptian-Phoenician (group of) family/ies mingling in each-other. Many names are returning in different inscriptions: Ytnḥp 3x, sḥpmw 4x, ‘bdptḥ 2x, ‘bdl’ 2x, ‘bd’bst 4x. They have found a total of c.80 personal names of which c.20 are pure Egyptian, c.20 are half Egyptian/half Phoenician origin, c.30 are pure Phoenician and c.10 are too problematic to house, but everything is written down in the Phoenician language. All the inscriptions come from the 5th century BC.

Legend:

Name x = the father
           |                                         ph: Phoenician
Name y = the son
            |                                        pu: punic
Name z = the grandson

 

’srtny              Osiri-Tinni (Osiris, give/place me!) (Benz p.63, Krahmalkov p.67) ph, pu.

   |

‘bd’sr              ‘Abd-’Osiri (servant of Osiris) (Benz p.149, Krahmalkov p.354) Common.

 

Ytnḥp             Yaton-ḥapi (Apis give/gave) (Benz p.130, Krahmalkov p.142) ph

   |

Grb‘l               Ger-Ba‘al (Fearer of Baal) (Benz p.103, Krahmalkov p.142) ph, pu

                                                                       G-ri-ba-‘-al (Ass) (Benz p.298)

 

’šmnytn           ’Esmun-yaton (May Esmun grant!) (Benz p.71-72, Krahmalkov p.83)

                                               Very common. Historical person: Suniathus

 

‘bdmlqrt          ‘Abd-Milqart (servant of Milqart) (Benz p.155-161, Krahmalkov p.356)

                                               Ph, pu. Numerous misspellings and contractions.

 

B‘l‘zr              Ba‘al-‘Azor (Baal help him/me/you) (Benz p.96, Krahmalkov p.117) ph, pu.

   |                                           Very common

Ytnḥp              Yaton-ḥapi (Apis give/gave) (Benz p.130, Krahmalkov p.142) ph

 

’šmnšlk           ’Esmun-sillek (Esmun save me/you) (Benz p.73, Krahmalkov p.84) ph, pu.

 

Psmsnyt          ?

   |

‘bd’mn                        ‘Abd-’Amun (servant of Amon/Amun) (Benz p…, Krahmalkov p.354) ph, pu.

 

Ytn                 Yaton (short form of thr name-type ytn-DN or DN-yaton = DN gave/give).

   |                                (Benz p.129, 131). Common. Ia-a-tu-nu (ass) Iatunis (lat).

Sptḥ                ? misspelling for spṭ ? (Safot).

 

ḥpls                 ? ḥPilles?

   |

‘bdb‘l              ‘Abdba‘al (servant of Baal) Common (Benz 153-154, Krahmalkov p.354).

 

P‘l’bst             Pa‘ol-Ubast ((u)bastis act) (Benz p.176, Krahmalkov p,403) ph.

 

Ṣḥpmw           Egyptian

   |

W’                   Egyptian

 

‘bd’bst                        ‘Abdu-Bast(i) (servant of Bastis) (Benz p.148, Krahmalkov p.353)

   |

‘bdl’                ?misspelling for ‘bd’l? = ‘Abd-’ili (servant of my god) (Benz p.175,

                                                           Krahmalkov p.353) ph, pu.

 

P‘l’—r             perhaps p‘l’sr = Pa‘ol-Osiri (Osiris act) (Benz p.175, Krahmalkov p.353) pu.

   |

…….

 

Bnḥr                Egyptian (zoon van Horus?).

 

’btr                  ?

   |

‘nḥpms            Egyptian

 

‘bdptḥ             ‘Abd-Ptaḥ (servant of Ptaḥ) (Benz p. 174, Krahmalkov p.357) ph.

   |

Hwy

 

‘kbr                 ‘Akbor (mouse) Common (Benz p.171, 377, Krahmalkov p.367)

   |

’ḥmn               ?misspelling for ’ḥ’mn = ’Ahi-’Amon (Amon is my <divine> brother)

                                   (Benz p.61, Krahmalkov p.42) ph.

 

Ml …

   |

Ytnḥp             Yaton-ḥapi (Apis give/gave) (Benz p.130, Krahmalkov p.142) ph

 

’šmn.               ? Esmun ?

   |

… n                 ?

 

ḥr                    Horus of ḥor/ḥur (meaning uncertain) (Benz p.125, Krahmalkov p.195) ph, pu.

   |

Ṣḥpmw           Egyptian

 

Šml                 perhaps misspelling for smb‘l (Sembaal = deity).

 

ḥ…                  ?

   |

Knpy               Egyptian

 

Tpl                  perhaps misspelling for tplt (prayer, supplication) KAI 162.

 

Ṣḥpmw           Egyptian

 

‘bdršp             ‘Abdrešep (servant of Rešef)

 

‘bdptḥ             ‘Abd-Ptaḥ (servant of Ptaḥ) (Benz p. 174, Krahmalkov p.357) ph.

 

……….

   |

‘bdl’                ?misspelling for ‘bd’l? = ‘Abd-’ili (servant of my god) (Benz p.175,

                                                           Krahmalkov p.353) ph, pu.

 

Bnḥp               Bin-ḥapi (son of Apis) (Benz p.89, Krahmalkov p.106) ph.

   |

‘bd’sr              ‘Abd-’Osiri (servant of Osiris) (Benz p.149, Krahmalkov p.354) Common.

 

Ṣḥ’                  Egyptian

   |

Ṣḥpmw           Egyptian

 

Yḥw’              Yeḥewwe (short form of the name-type yḥw-DN (DN grant long live)

   |                                           (Benz p.127, Krahmalkov p.206) ph, pu.

‘bd’šmn          ‘Abd-’Esmun (servant of Esmun) Benz p.150-153, Krahmalkov p.354)

                                               Common.

 

Ytnm              Abbrevation of Ytnmlk? Yatonmilk (Milk gives/gave) (Benz p.130,

                                               Krahmalkov p.220) ph, pu.

 

‘bdptḥ             ‘Abd-Ptaḥ (servant of Ptaḥ) (Benz p. 174, Krahmalkov p.357) ph.

 

‘bd’bst                        ‘Abdu-Bast(i) (servant of Bastis) (Benz p.148, Krahmalkov p.353)

   |

Bn’s                BannoS? (Benz p.89, Krahmalkov p.104) pu.

 

Mnḥm             Meneḥḥem (Comforter) (Benz p.162, Krahmalkov p.294) ph, pu.

   |

ḥrwṢ               Egyptisch

 

‘bdskn             ‘Abd-Sakun (servant of Sakun) (Benz p.162, Krahmalkov p.356) ph, pu.

 

Klbl’               Kelb-’Ila (hound of Ila) (Benz p.132, Krahmalkov p.228) ph, pu.

   |

‘ptḥ                 perhaps Ptaḥ or misspelling for ‘pt (bird?) KAI 10.

 

Mhryt.             (vocalisation and meaning uncertain) (Benz p.138, Krahmalkov p.273) ph.

 

Bnmmlkm       royal sonship? (Krahmalkov p.109).

 

‘kzsmsk           ‘kz-Samok (KS support him/you/me) (vocalisation and meaning uncertain)

                                               (Benz p.171, Krahmalkov p.367).

 

[‘]bd’bst          ‘Abdu-Bast(i) (servant of Bastis) (Benz p.148, Krahmalkov p.353)

 

ḥpyw               Egyptian

   |

ḥrml                (vocalisation and meaning uncertain) (Benz p.125, Krahmalkov p.197) ph.

 

Pṭ’s                 Egyptian

   |

Ṣknsmw          Egyptian

 

Msk.                ? (the dead, a small number)

   |

Pṭkns               Egyptian

 

Npr q              perhaps misspelling for n‘rqš’ (vocalisation and meaning uncertain)

                                   (Benz p.147, Krahmalkov p.333) pu.

 

šlm                  Salom, Sallum, Sillem (Benz p.180, Krahmalkov p.464) ph, pu.

 

Hrkp               ?

   |

Hpyw              Egyptian

 

Mnšy               Menessi (meaning uncertain) (Benz p.142, Krahmalkov p.297) ph.

 

… pmt            ?

 

Psk …                         ?

   |

Pt’sy               Egyptian

 

’rš                    ’Ariš (Requested <of god>) (Benz p.64-69, Krahmalkov p.75).

 

‘pth                 perhaps Ptaḥ or misspelling for ‘pt (bird?) KAI 10.

 

‘lb/pt               ‘lpt: Alipota, city in N.Africa (DCPP 18-20).

                        ‘lbt: ???

 
ncfps