SUMMARY & EXPLANATION PILLARS
What did the classical authors know really about the straits of
which they called the columns of Heracles.
ABILA, ABILYX, (H)ABENNA, APINI, ABINNA
The cape at
several names in antiquity, but they have all the same structure. This swith
between the N and L occurs more often in other words. It could well be a
distortion of the Phoenician name ‘B N = stone. Ceuta
Several classical authors mention the islands near the capes. Were they the real small islands Perejil and Isla Cabrita? I suspect that the islands were in fact the capes itself, because from a distance they look like islands (Strabo!). It concerns Gibraltar and
PILLARS OF MELQART
These are to be found at Gadir at the
isle Sancti Petri in front of the .
And that is exactly what the Iberians and Libyans say about it. The mountains
at the beginning of the Straits the Phoenicians named simply ‘B N (stone) and Q
L P ‘ (permission to continue). temple of Melqart
PILLARS OF HERACLES/HERCULES.
The Greeks were for a long time not familiar with the Atlantic world, heard something about Pillars and concluded that it must concern the landmarks on the capes at the beginning of the Straits, Of course they used their own name for the god: HERACLES. The Roman used the name HERCULES.